PH MEETS: TADAO BABA
PH2 talks to the man who gave us the Fireblade and finds out how he created a two-wheeled legend
It may seem quite a jump to move from a milling machine to testing motorcycles, but Baba was an accomplished rider. Racing in the Japanese 125 championship, Baba took a national title in 1970 and it was this track success that brought him to the attention of Soichiro Honda himself. The pair formed a strong friendship that lasted until Soichiro’s death in 1991, one year before Baba was to unveil the bike that repaid his friend’s faith in him.
“To a racing rider, working in the R&D and testing area was a dream come true,” remembers Baba. But he soon demonstrated he was more than just a test rider, quickly picking up the engineering skills that saw him promoted to the role of Vice Project Leader in 1972. After developing both on- and off-road bikes at the Hamamatsu factory, Baba was asked to return to the R&D department at the end of 1987 and take over leadership of Honda’s new sportsbike project.
The fact that the project was initially started by Yoichi Oguma, who went on to head up HRC, demonstrated not only just how seriously Honda were taking the development of this new bike but also the esteem in which Baba was held within the factory. He was no longer a Vice Project Leader either; this was Baba’s first solo project, so the new bike would be his baby.
Baba's way or the highway
Starting with a team of around 30 to 40 young designers from various backgrounds, Baba gathered their ideas and brought them together as a single concept. In the initial stages of development there were few rules; even the 'bladeBlade’s capacity was uncertain – early prototypes were 750cc. But the few rules that were set, Baba stuck to fanatically, something that earned him a reputation as a hard task master. Having set a target weight of 190kg, Baba refused to compromise, demanding that parts were redesigned rather than be too heavy.
“Some of the designers called me ‘Hotoke no Baba’ or ‘Buddha Baba’ in English. I think it is fair to say I was very stubborn when it came to the Fireblade’s weight,” he admits. “Sometimes you have to show someone your leadership through being calm – but I did also get angry.”
Setting the tone
But despite being an ‘old school engineer’, Baba’s time in the R&D area also saw him introduced to the latest cutting-edge technology, something he embraced and brought into the Fireblade project. The 'blade was the first road bike designed by Honda using CAD technology and the theory of mass-centralisation, techniques that are commonplace nowadays in motorcycle design. It is this use of technology that Baba cites as the critical factor in the Fireblade’s design, the part that made it stand out from the crowd and helped it become so revolutionary.
Throughout the Fireblade’s development, Baba was anything but a typical Japanese designer who stood at the back of a garage clutching a clipboard. He was much more likely to be found out on track, lapping with the test riders – and more often than not ending up in the gravel. There is a joke amongst the test team that Baba has a magnetic attraction to the gravel traps, something he doesn’t dispute. “I have heard I have a reputation as a crasher,” he laughs. “Some of our test riders think I have crashed every model of Fireblade. I think maybe just four or five. I have also crashed some bikes that weren’t Fireblades as well – an R1, a YZF750…”
With the launch of the 1992 Fireblade, Baba not only revolutionised the sportsbike world, he also started a dynasty of machines that still continues to this day. Baba remained personally involved in the Fireblade’s development until 2004 when he retired from Honda at the age of 60 and handed the project over to Kyoichi Yoshii, a moment that had added significance to Baba.
“When I gave the Fireblade project to Kyoichi it felt like the day when my son left home. But the Fireblade has many brothers all over the world so my image of the 'blade lives on.”
Honda, in recognition of the enormous achievement, took the unheard of step of actually changing the Fireblade’s name. All bikes made post-Baba have a small ‘b’ in their logo in honour of the great man. And it didn’t stop there; in 2004, Honda threw Baba a leaving party and as well as Honda Europe funding a tour around Europe, Honda Japan presented him with a wooden plaque with a piston from every model of Fireblade mounted on it, something that takes pride of place on a shelf at his home in Japan.
So, having revolutionised the motorcycle world, what does Tadao Baba do in his retirement? “I still like to ride,” he says. “I own a 2002 Fireblade 954; it was the last model of Fireblade I designed, and in my opinion it is the best 'blade as a total package. The first 'blade has the best image and memories for me, but the final one is probably the best. Although I don’t have a garage – it lives in my parking lot!”
Finally, there is one Baba rumour that needs to be cleared up. Is it true that he used to sneak into the Honda factory, go to the production lines and write messages to future Fireblade owners?
“Ha, yes that is true. Just on 2004 and 2005 models. I would write ‘ride safe’ and ‘enjoy’ in Japanese on the inside of the fairing.”