By moving forward with the LP560-4 Lamborghini has managed to capture some of its past, reckons Steve Sutcliffe
On the one hand itís hard not to bemoan the end of the era of independence at Lamborghini, for when Audi took charge of Santa Agataís favourite car maker in 2001, a whole new way of thinking emerged at Lamborghini. And the cars, although far better made and massively better resolved in engineering terms, unquestionably lost some of their soul as a result.
Just recently the cars themselves have become more like Lamborghinis of old. The latest batch of Lambos, from the Murcielago LP640 to the Reventon to the Gallardo Superlegerra, have all been wilder and more exciting than their predecessors. And the latest example, the new Gallardo 560-4, is no exception to the rule.
The biggest news is the fitment of a brand new 5.2-litre V10 engine, and when they say brand new they really do mean it. True, the bore sizes may well be the same as those of the previous 5.0-litre V10, but in just about all other respects this is genuinely a spanking new powerplant.
Either way, the net result is that power has risen to 552bhp at 8000rpm while torque has swollen to 398lb ft at 6500rpm. The engine also revs a tad higher than before while the torque curve is flatter right the way across the rev range. Another significant claim made by Lamborghini is that this is the highest revving direct injection engine in history, although when Ferrari goes the DI route with the forthcoming revised F430 this is one claim Lamborghiniís engineers will have to retract.
For the time being, though, the 560-4 Ė on paper at least Ė must be considered king of the hill in the seemingly never-ending war of the middle ground between Lamborghini and Ferrari. No, it canít take care of the F430 Scuderia on the road or on paper, but then at £147k itís not really in direct competition with the Scud; instead itís the regular F430 that must stand and face the 560-4, and for the time being itís not a contest the Lambo looks likely to lose.
On the road the 560-4 feels instantly recogniseable as a Gallardo, yet at the same time quite different from its predecessor in the way it responds. Itís sharper, nimbler and keener to change direction, even though the steering is, if anything, even meatier than before and the onset of understeer more pronounced if you really start to lean on it through a long bend.
On the way itís been designed to deliver a deliberate thump through from one gear to the next, yet itís not an especially satisfying experience, even though the shift time is impressively rapid. Going from first to second or second to third in Corsa mode you end up wondering whether it really needs to be such a violent physical experience. And if you knock it back into regular gearshift mode and do the same thing again the shifts occur much more smoothly.
No matter, because the rest of the 560-4 is, mostly, a big step forwards. Inside it feels beautifully built, if a little plain design-wise compared with some of Lamborghiniís previous efforts. The more important thing, arguably, is that everything works, even if the electric window switches operate somewhat curiously in reverse (you press up on the buttons to drop them and down to make them go up!).
And when you rally start to rag it the 560-4 doesnít fray at the edges like some Lambos of old; instead it just gets better and better. At three figures through a long corner you can feel the new aero-package working at both ends; itís one of those rare road cars that feels like it develops more grip the faster you go. And although the test car I tried was fitted with optional carbon ceramic brakes (yours for around £12k), it also stops extremely well when you need it to, even if the light pressure response isnít as good as it is in some rivals (GT2 Porsche, Ferrari F430 Scuderia specifically).
0-62mph: 3.7sec (claimed)
Top speed: 202mph (claimed)
Torque: 398lb ft/6500rpmrpm
Power to weight: 391bhp/tonne
Torque to weight: 282lb ft/tonne
CO2 emissions: 327g/km (with e-gear transmission)
Economy: 19.2mpg (combined)
Range: 378 miles
Kerb weight: 1410kg
Fuel tank: 90 litres
Engine layout: V10, 5204cc, direct injection petrol
Installation: mid, longitudinal, four wheel drive
Specific output: 106bhp/litre
Compression ratio: 12.5:1
Gearbox: 6-speed manual (e-gear paddle shift fitted to test car)
Front suspension: Double wishbones, coils, anti-roll bar
Rear suspension: Double wishbones, coils, anti-roll bar
Brakes: Steel ventilated discs all round (carbon ceramic fitted to test car; 380mm front, 356mm rear)
Wheels: magnesium alloy, 19in
Tyres: Pirelli P-Zero; 235/35 ZR 19in front, 295/30 ZR19in rear