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BMW M3 CSL: PH Heroes

Screaming, high-revving engine, flappy paddles only - no, not the new GT3 but the 10-year-old M3 CSL

By Mr Viv / Wednesday, April 24, 2013

Few advertising slogans have ever laid it on the line as bluntly as BMW's 'The Ultimate Driving Machine'. It's perhaps the perfect example of a doubt-free zone. And if you set your sights on the pointy end of this now legendary premise - represented by a model that received the ministrations of BMW's M division - you know what to expect above all else: a sublime experience behind the wheel.

CSL mods toughend up the M3's lines

CSL mods toughend up the M3's lines

Quite a responsibility for any carmaker to shoulder. But with BMW I get the feeling it's always been more instinct than initiative. Back in 2000, I was granted a valuable insight into why the track-honed human touch is so crucial at M's HQ in Garching. I'd come to talk about the then still-to-be-launched new

and why, even by BMW's standards, it really would be something special. As with most cars, the process started at a desk with computer calculations and simulations before progressing to 'parts proving' on static test benches. Only then was that most sensitive of all instruments, the seat of a highly skilled test driver's pants, brought into play. Extensively. In addition to proving ground work in Munich, the south of France, Sweden and South Africa, 80,000 miles were driven in M3 prototypes on the Nordscheife.

Just the start
With the company philosophy so obviously driven by drivers with fast footwear, it was perhaps inevitable that the E46 M3's evolution wouldn't be left at that. The basic ingredients - 3.2-litre straight six developing 343hp at 7,900rpm, trick M Differential, beefier brakes and an extensive development of the E46 M3's chassis with bespoke springs and dampers and thicker anti-roll bars - were just too tempting and exploitable. Even so, when the M3 CSL hit the headlines in 2003 (happy 10th anniversary, by the way), there were gasps. Here was an unambiguously hardcore statement of intent designed, one suspects, to reinstate the M3's track-evolved credibility following the disappointingly paunchy E36 years. The CSL had a carbon fibre roof and rear diffuser, aluminium doors, a plastic bootlid and lightweight 19-inch alloys shod with super-grippy Michelin Pilot Sport Cup tyres. It had lightweight bucket seats and a carbon-clad cabin. And it weighed 110kg less than the standard M3.

Carbon intake trumpet plays a mighty tune

Carbon intake trumpet plays a mighty tune

Prefiguring the current

over Porsche's decision to sell its

with a paddle-shift transmission and no manual option by a whole decade, the M3 CSL was only available with BMW's single clutch robotised manual

six-speed gearbox, with paddles which allowed the driver to dial up the preferred shift speed from slow and slurring to kidney-jarringly fast and brutal. And with 360hp, courtesy of a carbon airbox, larger diameter inlet manifolds and reprofiled camshafts, full-throttle upshifts could almost bring tears to your eyes.

Kick in the gut
It looked the nuts, a hard-bodied object lesson in aesthetic warfare. It sounded even better, that carbon airbox acting a little like a quality hi-fi amp to bring extra definition and clarity to what was already a motor with a deliciously angry, but slightly muffled, acoustic presence. A more focused, single-minded M3? Shockingly so. To go with the stonking soundtrack and fiercely punctuated, neck-twanging acceleration were chassis dynamics that mainlined into the driving experience and positively urged maximum conviction and commitment from the driver. If the suspension was firm, it seldom jarred. And the surprisingly light steering felt alive with finely-resolved feedback and a sharp-witted directness that made the CSL seem almost prenaturally alert and agile with minimal body roll and seemingly no suspension bush compliance to blur the message. A nailed front end, too, all the better to enjoy the lovely, progressive way the rear could be coaxed into an easily-held drift with the traction electronics switched off. By comparison, the regular E46 M3 felt tranquilised, its helm responses strangely cushioned.

Legendary badge, legendary car

Legendary badge, legendary car

Despite costing nearly Β£60,000 when new, BMW sold 1,400 (limited edition) M3 CSLs. Today, next to the original iconic

generation model, it's the most collectable and coveted M3 of all if you discount the stratospherically-priced, V8-engined

. At the time of writing, a quick trawl through the PH classifieds located just two,

priced a few notes shy of Β£27K. Considering that you can

an early E46 M3 for

, you get some idea of the rarity and the high esteem in which the CSL is rightly held. The subsequent

, often described as the 'poor man's CSL', neatly splits the difference (circa Β£13-16K) which seems about right for a car that certainly gave a flavour of the CSL's lean, mean demeanour without ever remotely threatening to usurp it. The CSL was one of a kind and a hero through and through.

PistonHeads will be making much more of the CSL's 10th anniversary in due course - watch this space for more details!

BMW M3 CSL (E46)
3,246cc 6-cyl
Power (hp): 360@7,900rpm
Torque (lb ft): 273@4,900rpm
0-62mph: 4.9sec
Top speed: 155mph
Weight: 1,385kg
On sale: 2003
Price new: £58,000
Price now: c. £30,000

Photos: Mike Smith/Photocar.co.uk

Thanks to PHer Pradip for supplying the car for pictures - Pradip's E30 M3 SportEvo featured previously in an earlier PH Heroes.

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